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Through all the history, humanity has been submitted to a gradual process of changes that, if positive, receive the name of Evolution. Such is the case of Bolivia, that during the last days has opened itself to a historical development, the achievement of the presidency by the leader of MAS (Movement to Socialism) Evo Morales. Still, one of the most interesting things of this victory, is the fact of being the first time in the last 30 years, where a president has been chosen with total and undeniable legitimate support of its country.
Who is Evo Morales?
In early April 2000, a large multinational corporation, called “Aguas de Tarani” announced that water prices were to increase and that new laws were about to be created in order to consider illegal to catch and use rain water. Therefore as a result of such an anti-human idea, a good such a precious and natural as water would be out of the reach of the majority of residents of this country. Fortunately massive strikes and protests of people came up into the streets until the government gave in. Thanks to the union and fight of those who have will to do it, the privatisation of water was defeated. Evo Morales (leader of the indigenous Quechua people) was one of the persons that leaded the people into this example of revolution. Therefore Evo is the first indigenous president of this country, and as so, with all the force that characterizes a fighter with so many generations behind that have been discriminated and exploited by capitalism and neoliberalism, Evo represents an enemy for imperialism and a savior of hope. Consequently during his political campaign the United States ambassador in Bolivia, Manuel Rocha pronounced itself on public, against him, “suggesting” that the United States could suspend all the economical supports to this country. A dirty diplomatic trap.
An so, we might ask ourselves…what makes Evo to have the label of enemy for the imperialism? The reason is simple. USA is the world’s greatest oil importer and most of these purchases come from South America – particularly Venezuela – Central America, Mexico and Canada . Bolivia is now a days one of the richest countries in Hydrocarbons, of course, exploited by foreigner companies that due to the help of illegal and anti-constitutional contracts permitted by previous presidents, have been abusing and using the wealth of this country for the wealth of their pockets. Therefore, Evo defends the nationalisation of Hydrocarbons, which in other words implies the obligated revision of the mentioned illegal contracts in detriment of multinationals such as (Repsol, British gas or Exxon among others) and in favour of his country.
Oil and gas are two of the fundamental elements for the development and survival of the capitalist countrie´s production therefore anyone who can control the production of hydrocarbons has the “power” in his own hands being able to control in a future markets (USA produces barely 9.2% of the world oil and only possesses 2.7% of the world reserve and uses up to 25.5% of the whole consumption all round the planet). This is the reason why imperialist countries and multinationals of the oil sector, are trying to be the owners and kings of as much oil and gas as there is in the world. In order to achieve their objectives, as it´s said the “aim justifies the means”, and the result of this ones are wars, privatisations, invasions and every other tangible form that imperialism might adopt. Fortunately the struggle of popular sectors is confronting imperialist plans all around the world and this is where one of the main problems lies for it.
In Bolivia, Even though still no formal wars are fought there, Evo represents the confrontation between the multinationals that represent and conform imperialism (American and European) and its country. We will see what form will imperialism adopt in front of this new enemy.